: Three



: 1

Course Code

: SOCI 31526

Course Title

: Social Research Methods


: Core

Course Objective


The objectives of this course are to explore the basic concepts, methods and data collecting techniques used in sociological research and to facilitate the students to acquire practical knowledge in the field of research.

Course Contents


What is Research?
Types of Research – Qualitative and Quantitative Research, Theoretical and Field Research, Historical, Descriptive and Experimental Research.
Theory and Research
The Sociological Research Process, Basic Characteristics of a Research – Objectivity, Reliability, Validity, Verifiability, Definiteness, Generality, Control and Predictability.
Methods of Research
Scientific Method, Case Study Method, Historical Method, Comparative Method, Statistical Method, Survey Method, Ethnographic Method, Functional Method, Life Historical Method.
Research Design
Types of Research Design/proposal, Steps in the Development of a Research design – Identification of a Problem, Definition of a Research Problem, Statement of Research Objectives, Literature Survey.
Data and Research
Primary and Secondary data, Sources of Data.
Data Collecting Techniques
Observation – Participant Observation, Interviews and Questionnaires.
Method of Sampling
Probability and Non Probability Sampling Methods.
Ethics in Research
Uses of Research Ethics in Social Research.
Analysis of Data
Univariate, Bivariate and Multivariate Analysis, The Basic Statistical Methods in Data Analysis, Computer Applications (SPSS).
Research Report
The Way of Academic Writing, Use of Primary and Secondary Data, Styles of Making bibliography.
Compulsory Field Visit
The ultimate purpose of the field visit is to gain experience to apply the conceptual and theoretical knowledge in research. The department of sociology is responsible for planning a suitable research programme.



Lectures and Class Room Works.

System of Evaluation


1. Written Paper: 80%

2. One Compulsory Presentation: 20% (This presentation should be based on a field visit and the students are expected to explain their experiences analytically).